Best Baby Food- What, How And When To Give
The first year of a newborn’s life is the main time of physical and emotional growth for the child’s growth and development. The diet plan, which the baby takes this time, has a long-term impact on the body’s body weight, health, immune system and overall growth. Babies, in the initial stages of their growth, require very high energy and nutrient supplements. Diet Plan, in their growing state, their appearance of hunger will be unpredictable. They don’t feel hungry at the same time every day. This becomes a matter of concern for parents and, the time of eating is not really the most awaited time for children and their parents.
As the child grows up, their nutritional needs also increase, and it is important that the necessary nutrition of the child should be met on time, which is necessary for their overall development. If you want to meet your child’s nutritional needs, then you need to understand their way and, what they say the most. Here are some insights into the requirements of baby in terms of food, which you should know to understand your child better.
Before you introduce your child to solid food, it is necessary to find out whether your child is ready for solid food items or not. There are some hints that help you understand this well. For example- When the food is kept close to you, your child comes to you, and gets food or spoon. They open mouth when food is being offered. Their digestion and immune system responds to solid food, which is being introduced. Their mouth and the tongue move simultaneously in such a way, that the food should be brought inside the mouth. The kidneys are doing the right thing to handle the load made by the solid food.
If the above things are in place then your child is actually ready for solid food. You should introduce solid food only when your child is at least six months old. Even when your child reaches the age of six months, but doesn’t show any of the above mentioned signs, then you do not have to start giving solid food to them. Giving solid food too early or late may also cause major issues for the child.
Starting solid food very early can lead to bad development and diarrhea in the child, while doing that very late leads to iron deficiency that can cause issues related to food and also reduces energy levels in the child.
Now let’s have a look at the diet chart of children-
The first food for baby
Baby grains are the best way for a baby to start solid. Mashed foods like mashed tomato or rice can increase the child’s interest in meals. Meat or boiled chicken can also be given to the baby. Anything healthy should be the first meal of the baby.
How to feed a solid diet to a child
Be prepared for dirt which your child is going to create while introducing food charts and solid food to children. Your child will not start eating in the first place. So, you need to be calm and patient. You should let the child spit some of the first time until he becomes aware of the solid food. Make sure that your child is sitting comfortably while eating.
Diet Plan After Six Months
Over time, you can also introduce chewing foods to your child. Vegetables, fruits, chicken, meat etc can be fed to the children once they reach 9 months or almost the age. Of course, this is best if the child is given the mother’s milk for one year as their main nutrient source. A small part of cow’s milk can be offered at the age of 8 months, because the child needs protein and other nutrients whose best benefit can be gained from cow’s milk.
Remember, your child may be allergic to some foods or require more nutrient supplements. When feeding your child during the early stages of development, ideally a doctor should be consulted with regard to food and nutrients.
Diet Tips for 4 months from birth
Children should be breastfeed only for the first six months of life. This is best for both mother and child. Most nutrients are mixed for infants in mother’s milk. It is full of antibodies, antimicrobial factors, enzymes, and anti-inflammatory agents and fatty acids. Children’s diet charts promote the best development of the child’s brain. It helps the infants to fight against many stomach and respiratory infections. If the mother’s milk is not feasible due to some inevitable reason, then baby formula milk can be started.
Diet Tips 4 to 8 Months
|Item||4-6 months||7 months||8 months|
|Breastfeeding||4 to 6 times a day||3 to 5 times a day||3 to 5 times a day|
|Dry baby grains||Rice 3 to 5 Tablespoon. Single-iron grains mixed in mother’s milk or formula milk||3 to 5 Tablespoon. Single-iron grains mixed in formula milk||5 to 8 Tablespoon. Single-iron grains mixed in formula milk|
|Fruit-banana, orange||1 to 2 TBS, plain, mashed 1 to 2 times per day||2 to 3 TBS, plain, mashed 2 times per day||2 to 3 TBS, broken or mashed per day|
|Vegetables – sweet potatoes, carrots, beans||1 to 2 TBS, plain, mashed or as soup 1 to 2 times per day||2 to 3 TBS, plain, mashed or as soup 2 times per day||2 to 3 TBS, broken, twisted, mashed or soft twice a day|
|Meat and protein foods||no||1 to 2 TBS, plain, mashed or as soup 1 to 2 times per day||2 to 3 TBS, broken, twisted, mashed or soft twice a day|
|Breakfast||no||Arrowroot cookies, toast||Arrowroot cookies, toast, plain curd|
Children’s diet 9 to 12 months
|Item||9 months||10-12 months|
|Breastfeeding||3 to 5 times per day||3 to 4 times per day|
|Iron grained grains||5 to 8 TBS Mixed with any kind of formula milk||5 to 8 TBS Mixed with any kind of formula milk everyday|
|Fruit||2 to 4 TBS, Broken or soft mashed twice a day||2 to 4 TBS mashed, broken or ripe twice a day|
|Vegetables||2 to 4 TBS, Mashed, soft, bite-shaped pieces twice a day||2 to 4 TBS, Mashed, soft, bite-shaped pieces twice a day|
|Meat and protein foods||2 to 3 TBS soft finely chopped twice a day||2 to 3 TBS finely chopped, table meat, fish without bones, light paneer twice a day|
|Breakfast||Arrowroot Cookies, Mixed Finger Foods, Toast, Plain Yogurt, Cooked Green Beans||Arrowroot Cookies, Mixed Finger Foods, Cookies, Toast, Plain Yogurt, Cooked Green Beans, Paneer, Ice Cream, Pudding, Dry Grains|
Children’s diet 12 to 24 months
During the 1-2 years, the child develops to a certain extent, but nutrition is still a top priority. This is the time to give up bottle and breastfeeding and the child will have to start eating independently. The child is now learning to eat all foods and accepting new flavor and food texture. Hence, it is time to start a variety of food items for their better growth. The requirement of the amount of food is different for a baby between 1-2 years and therefore a personal decision should be made with the need of child’s demand and nutrition.
Below is a diet chart for babies, according to the requirements of a child of two years. It can be taken as a guide line from the first year itself.
Three ounces of grains should be a part of food for babies. 1 ounce is equal to 1 piece of bread, 1 cup cooked grain or half a cup of rice.
1 cup slowly cooked vegetables should be a part of daily diet.
1 cup chopped fruit should be a part of the food.
Two cups of milk are required at this age. 1 cup milk, 1 cup yogurt, is equal to 2 oz of natural or processed cheese.
Two oz of lentils and meat or any kind of beans will help. 1 ounces of meat, egg or fish, ¼ cup cooked dry lentils, or 1 ounce of 1 egg is equal to the same.
These are the food items or diet chart to be followed for the better growth of a child. However, it is also important to know how to prepare a correct meal for your growing child. Let’s now go through some tips related to the same.
- If you are making pulses in food, add turmeric powder and cook it in the cooker, open the cooker and take out this lentil with some lentil water for the child. If the child is much smaller (4-10 months), then mash the pulse thoroughly. Mix half a teaspoon of butter in the mashed dal and make the baby drink the pulse.
- While making gourd with gram pulse, put gourd and gram pulses with salt and turmeric powder to boil. Open the cooker and remove some gourd gram pulse and mash it and take out the vegetable water and mix it in it, add half a teaspoon of butter and it is ready to give to the baby.
- While cooking rice, take out the rice water then add little salt or sugar to it and feed it to the baby. You can also mash some rice thoroughly and after adding salt and a little butter to taste can be fed to the child.
- Put a small spoon of ghee in a cup of semolina and fry it until it becomes brown. Whenever the child is ready to feed, add 100 grams (half cup) milk and add 2 tbsp of semolina in it; cook semolina completely until flowering; add some sugar according to the taste, delicious yogurt kheer is ready for the baby.
- For the child’s meal, roast the moong Dal, rice and porridge and mix it in equal quantity and keep it in a container. Whenever you want to cook for the child, take 2 tablespoons mixed khichdi, take four times the water, and cook in the cooker or pot or in any vessel and feed the baby.
- In the hands of a child, Parle G biscuit can also be caught, who sucks it lovingly. Put these 3-4 biscuits in half a cup of milk, prepare the food for the baby, and feed this Kheer with the spoon to the baby.
- Take one cup of milk, heat till it boils in a pan, peel banana or chikoo and grate it and add it to milk, add one teaspoon sugar, Cook with a spoon for 3-4 minutes in milk until it is thickened. Tasty chiku or banana kheer is ready for the child.
- Mash the banana, chikoo, papaya or apple, and feed the baby a little bit. Sometimes the cucumber juice or mango pulp can be given to the child. Mash the pieces of any vegetable from the vegetable made in your home and feed the baby.
- Mash banana or chikoo in fresh whipped cream curd and feed the child with delicious sweet curd frutti. Remove the potato pieces from the vegetable and mix in the curd, add some salt, the baby will like eating this salted curd with the potato.
- Give the child a little juice (2 table spoon) of fresh fruit, orange, grapes or apple. Let the baby drink a little lukewarm juice in the winter season.
So, these are few tips to feed your baby the way it is required for them when they are small and depend on their parents completely.